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Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (OCD) general information.
Sometimes, many of us worry about whether or not we leave the oven on before we leave the house or if we leave the doors locked. This concern could make us come home to make sure everything is all right. While this type of concern and behavior is normal, some people feel extreme anxiety about these situations. Sometimes this anxiety is so intense that it affects the person’s ability to lead a normal life. To reduce anxiety, the person could perform repetitive actions and might feel anxious if they did not do so. When this occurs, the person may diagnosticársele obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD.
Obsessive-Compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder. People who develop this disorder have uncontrollable thoughts and fears (obsessions). These obsessions cause repetitive behaviors (compulsions) that the person uses in their effort to stop obsessions. People with this disorder might realize that their obsessions are irrational and might try to stop their compulsive behavior. But stopping compulsive behavior increases anxiety and distress, which leads the person to resume behavior.
The causes of OCD are not clearly understood. Most people who have this disorder develop it before they reach 30 years of age. OCD has been linked to head injuries and certain types of infections. There is no evidence that people with OCD have any abnormalities in the brain. In some patients, OCD may be linked to Tourette syndrome.
Three theories have been developed to explain the cause of OCD. Among them: • Biological causes: OCD may be due to genetic abnormalities. People with OCD often have a close relative who has this same disorder.
Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder can be divided into two types: obsessions and compulsions. Most people with OCD have symptoms in both areas. Some people with this disorder have only obsessive or compulsive symptoms.
While obsessive and compulsive symptoms are different for each person, there are some common obsessive thoughts. Examples of obsessive thoughts: • Fear of germs or illnesses • Fear of hurting or hurting others • Violent thoughts of a sexual nature • Fear of losing things that are important to one • concentration in precision and order • Concentration in superstic Ions • Strict devotion to religious beliefs compulsions are behaviors and while behaviors vary from one person to another with OCD, there are some compulsions that are common among them. Among them: • Verify and Re-check tasks that have already been completed • Continually call family and friends to see if they are OK • count or repeat words • clean or wash excessively • sort things • Pray excessively • accumulate things Q The EU has no diagnostic value.
If you have symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder, your doctor may perform some tests to rule out other health disorders. He’ll do a medical exam and order a blood test. Your doctor may also recommend a psychological evaluation. During the psychological assessment, a doctor is talking to you about your symptoms. You may have to undergo certain tests such as the Yale obsessive-compulsive scale-Brown Nintendo (YBOCS). These tests help diagnose OCD.
If you are diagnosed with OCD, your doctor will offer you different treatment options.
DRUGS AND DRUGS.
Usually, the doctor prescribes medications to reduce obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. Drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are often the first to be prescribed for this disorder. Some SSRIs are:
• Citalopram (Celexa).
• Fluoxetine (Prozac).
• Fluvoxamine (Luvox).
• Paroxetine (Paxil).
• Sertraline (Zoloft).
If these medications are not effective, your doctor may try other medications, such as tricyclic antidepressants.
Your Doctor may also recommend therapy to help you learn how to overcome your symptoms. It has been observed that cognitive-behavioural therapy reduces obsessions and compulsions to patients with OCD. When combined with medications, this therapy may increase the chances of treatment success.
IN THE LONG RUN.
If you are diagnosed with OCD, treatment will be helpful in reducing your symptoms. OCD is a long-term (chronic) disease. Most people with this disorder have periods of active symptoms. These periods are followed by improvements and a decrease in symptoms. OCD is recurrent and in many patients the symptoms do not completely disappear, even with treatment.